Cash-Transfer Programming in Emergencies
The aim of this practical guide is to support the implementation of cash
programmes in emergencies. It is based on the experience of Oxfam GB
over five years (2000–2005) in a variety of disaster contexts.
Oxfam GB (referred to from now on as ‘Oxfam’) has used cash
interventions as part of its response to the needs of communities affected
by droughts, floods, hurricanes, and cyclones, and the needs of displaced
people and people experiencing chronic food insecurity as a result of
protracted conflict and/or poverty. This guide makes extensive reference
to responses to the tsunami that struck the Indian Ocean region in
December 2004. Most of Oxfam’s experience relates to cash-for-work
programmes, but in the past three years Oxfam staff have increasingly
implemented cash grants and voucher programmes. Many other agencies
are implementing cash programmes; when possible and appropriate, we
have drawn on their materials to inform these guidelines. However, this
book is mainly based on Oxfam’s experience.